Welcome to the Thai Riviera on the Gulf of Siam
Detailed Maps of Chao Samran and
In Petchburi province all physical characteristics can be found, from high mountains and forests in the Tanaosri Range bordering Thailand and Myanmar to the the fertile plains of the Phetchaburi River and to the coastline along the Gulf of Siam that consists of both muddy and sandy beaches.
Petchaburi has been an important farmland since ancient times and was linked with other communities through land routes, rivers and the sea making it the gateway to the South of Thailand. In the past, it was an important sea port on the Gulf of Thailand, where the trading routes crossed the peninsular from the Indian Ocean to the South China Sea.
Besides, it was connected to other important towns like Nakhon Sri Thammarat further south, Sukhothai in the North and Ayutthaya, and Suphanburi in the central region. Therefore, Petchburi had ever been a cultural junction and people of different races took up residence here thereby creating a mixture of race and culture. As Phetburi was never the capital of a kingdom and was not located close to the capital Phetchaburi was a safe place and free in maintaining its cultural style which has become unique by today.
The mountains and highlands in the west slope down towards the coastal plains in the east. Kaeng Krachan forest lies in the northern part adjacent to the Great Western Forests of Thailand. Due to its richness in wildlife and the biological diversity of the South-East Asian region, Kaengkrachan was declared a National Park in 1981. By today, it is Thailandís largest national park, occupies an area of over 2000 square kilometres and includes some of the healthiest tropical rainforest in Thailand.
Phetchaburi has a coastline of 82 kilometres length. The muddy beaches in the northern part form a narrow tip stretching out into the sea and blocking the sediment from flowing onwards to spoil the sandy southern beaches.
This nutrient-rich upper area by the estuary of Phetburi river has become a good breeding ground and habitat for various marine lives and is an important fishery source, especially in the district of Ban Laem. It is also a source for producing firewood from the mangrove trees and salt from the sea, two important products of this region for hundreds of years. While the muddy beaches start from Bang Tabun for a few kilometres southward to Laem Phak Bia, the long white beaches stretch from Chao Samran and Phuk Tian down to Cha-am and have long been the most popular vacation place of Phetchaburi province.
The town of Phetchaburi is one of Thailand's oldest towns, founded in the 11th century. For many years it was an important cultural and trading center. During the reign of King Phra Chomklao (Rama IV), Phra Nakhon Khiri Palace was built on the top of Wang Hill overlooking the town. This was the first Royal palace ever built in a province outside the capital and it was finished in 1859. The town has many interesting sites, including thirty Mon, Khmer and Ayutthaya style temples. As the provincial capital, Phetchaburi has excellent facilities, including countless shops, local Thai and seafood restaurants, and a departmentstore.
The dry season is between December and April and features pleasant weather conditions. Tropical monsoons, or afternoon rain showers, are a feature of the rainy season between June and October. Average temperatures vary from 26.5 ºC to 30 ºC, with the mid-day highest temperatures in March and April reaching around 33 ºC. The sun shines all year round, even during the rainy season.